Names of God in the Bible

To Whom am I to pray? To whom am I to communicate? With whom am I to commune?

  • Islam prays to الله Allāh,
  • Judeo Christians to YHWH/God,
  • Christians to Jesus,
  • Hinduism to Shiva, Brahma, and Indra,
  • The list of names used to address God is longer than the total number of languages which have existed.

As a follower of Christ, I find that I can use any of the the names and descriptors found in the Old Testament (TaNaK) and the New Testament referring to the Most High. There are seven names in the TaNaK and seven from the New Testament that are of special note and occur most frequently, with YHWH occurring over 6000 time in the Old Testament. As I consider these names, I am aware that the description and definitions participate with each other at times and separate into particulars. It is as if the description and qualities relating to the Most High are beyond the containment of a handful of human words.

The most common 14 names are:

Hebrew, יהוה, Lord, God, YHWH, אֵל, ale, אֱלֹהִ֑ים, ’ĕ·lō·hîm, אֲדֹנָ֣י, ’ă·ḏō·nāy, אֶֽהְיֶ֖ה, אֲשֶׁ֣ר, אֶֽהְיֶ֖ה, I am, ’eh·yeh; ’ă·šer-’eh·yeh, שַׁדַּ֔י, Almighty,sufficient, šad·day, צָבָא, Hosts, Armies, ṣə·ḇā·’ō·wṯ, Greek, θεός, theos, κύριος, kurios, εἰμί, eimi, Ἰησοῦς, Jesus, Iésous, Χριστός, Christ, Annionted, khris-tos', πνεύματος, ἁγίου, Holy Spirit, Holy, Spirit, pneumatos, hagiou, πατήρ, Father, pat-ayr', Joshua, Iesous, Yeshua, Joshua, Yahshua, יְהוֹשֻׁעַ Arabic, :يسوع, Yasū', al-Masih, Names for God in the Bible, David Reese, mythoughts, thoughtsofgod, thoughts of God

Getting to know the names of God causes us to come face to face with that which is totally other. From a name like YHWH, which many hesitate to even pronounce with unclean lips to Ἀββά ὁ πατήρ, Abba Father, a term latent with all the endearment a child can have for a father. Knowing and considering the names of God opens prayer life to new possibilities.

Greek

Additional Names

  • Abir “Strong One” of Jacob or Israel;
  • Lion of the Tribe of Judah
  • King of Israel
  • King of Kings
  • Potentate
  • Ruler of Creation
  • Root of David
  • Rose of Sharon
  • Second Adam
  • Seed of Abraham
  • Seed of David
  • Seed of the Woman
  • Son of David
  • Son of God
  • Son of Man
  • Son of Mary
  • Son of the Most High –
  • Nazarene
  • קָדוֹשׁ – kaw-doshe’ – holy one
  • Holy One of Israel
  • Righteousness
  • Son of Righteousness
  • Ẓur (“Rock”) – Ẓur Yisrael “Rock of Israel
  • Cornerstone
  • Foundation
  • Head of the Church
  • Shem ha-Meyuḥad “the Extraordinary Name”
  • Shem ha-Meforash “the Distinguished Name”
  • Angel of the Lord –
  • of Souls
  • Day Star
  • Glory of God
  • ‘Attiḳ Yamin” the Ancient One of the universe
  • Light of the World
  • High Priest
  • Priest
  • Purifier
  • Refiner
  • Propitiation
  • Comforter
  • Mediator
  • Shalom (“Peace”) is God’s name.
  • Shelomoh God of Peace,
  • Song of Solomon – Song of Songs God’s love toward the “Shulamite” (His people Israel)
  • Prince of Peace
  • Author and Perfecter of our Faith
  • Guide
  • Wonderful Counselor
  • Advocate
  • Messiah
  • Emmanuel
  • Fountain
  • Vine
  • Branch
  • Gift of God
  • Refuge
  • Strong Tower
  • Shepherd
  • Gate sheep
  • Everlasting Father
  • Amen
  • Master – Baali – בַּעְלִֽי׃
  • Husband – Ishi – אִישִׁ֑י
  • Bridegroom
  • Alpha and Omega
  • “we-Ani” – Hillel – “If I am here everything is here”
  • The Way
  • The Truth
  • The Life
  • Resurrection
  • The Word
  • Logos
  • Savior
  • Lamb of God
  • Passover Lamb
  • Redeemer
  •  Ransom
  • Deliverer
  • Sacrifice
  • Horn of Salvation
  • Witness
  • Servant
  • Carpenter
  • Rabbi
  • Teacher
  • Physician
  • Prophet
  • Friend of Sinners
  • Shiloh
  • Bread of Life
  • First Fruits
  • Consolation of Israel
  • Qanna (Jealous)